【英语阅读】怎样区分限制级电影?

  作者:Kings   发布:2014-07-28 15:49   围观:   评论关闭  

What Does PG-13 Mean?

The cinema rating system makes it easy to gauge the content appropriateness before you sit down to watch a movie. The PG-13 rating is one of five that the Motion Picture Association of America issues for all films released in the U.S

在坐下观影前,有了电影评级的帮助你就很容易判断出影片的合适度。所谓的pg-13,就是美国电影协会给全美所有电影制定的5个电影级别之一。

History
When cinema was still in its infancy, films were subjected to over 40 censorship boards on local, city and state levels. If a film wanted any chance of being seen in each market, the film-makers would have to adhere to the standards of each of these different boards, or face the consequence of being banned from a particular market.

由来
当电影业还只是雏形时,影片都会经过当地、城市和州级的超40个审查委员会审查。任何一部电影,若想要在各地方上映,制片人就得遵守委员会参差不一的要求,否则就得面临特定市场给你的禁播结果。

History of MPAA
The Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA) was founded 1922, when it began life as the Motion Picture Producers and Distributors of America. It was founded in attempt to self regulate the film industry to adhere to the standards of the multitude of markets. In 1968 the MPAA came up with the first rating system for movies, which changed various times over the years until the point that it became what we recognize today. The system today features ratings of G, PG, PG-13, R and NC-17.

美国电影协会史
美国电影协会(MAPP)成立于1992年,它最初的身份是美国电影生产商和分销商。成立的初衷是为了以规范的电影产业来满足多样的市场标准。1968年,美国电影协会制定出了首个电影分级制,其影响一直延续至今。时下的级别分为G,PG,PG-13,R和NC-17.

Birth of PG-13
In 1984 two films had parents in an uproar, due to their violent content--Gremlins and Indiana Jones And the Temple of Doom. Since Stephen Spielberg was associated with both pictures, he inquired about perhaps adding a new rating to the president of MPAA. He suggested either a PG-13 or PG-14 rating that would better define the films with a tad more adult content than PG, but not as much as R movies.

PG-13的诞生
1984年,两部电影因含有暴力情节而在家长中引起一片哗然--《小精灵》和《夺宝奇兵》.联合出品两部电影的斯皮尔伯格给电影协会理事长建议再增加一个新的评级。他认为无论是PG-13还是PG-14都能更好地定义一部介乎PG级和R级之间,并涵盖些微成人内容的电影。

What PG-13 Means
The rating PG-13 has the sub heading and Some Material May Be Inappropriate for Children Under 13;. What this means is that the film may have more pervasive content than a movie rated PG, in respects to violence, language, sensuality, nudity and other adult activities. Even the most brief use of drugs generally lands a film in the category of PG-13 right off the bat. Brief nudity can be within a PG-13 movie, but it is generally not sexual in nature. Violence is normally less persistent, graphic and pervasive than R-rated violence to be included in a PG-13 movie.

PG-13指的是什么
PG-13级是一个子标题,并且含有不适合13岁以下儿童观看的内容;意思就是无论在暴力情节、语言、情色,还是裸露方面,PG-13级的电影都比PG级的电影更具大众性。即使是闪现的吸毒画面都会使影片立即跌入PG-13级行列。简短的裸露镜头可分为PG-13级,但那通常算不上色情。并且该级别电影中的暴力情节比R级中的更少量、更隐晦、更个别化。

How a Film Receives a Rating
A movie is rated PG-13 by the MPAA Classification and Rating Administration, or the Rating Board. The Board will take a vote on the content to see if they think it would be deemed appropriate for most American parents to rate the movie as PG-13. The vote must pass by more than a two thirds majortiy in order to move forward with attaching the rating to the film.

电影怎样评级
PG-13级的电影是根据美国电影协会分类评级管理或分级委来评判的。委员会通过投票选出可能成为家长心中的PG-13级电影。其中支持票数必须超过总票数的三分之二,电影才能获得此级别。

Clarification
A PG-13 rating has nothing to do with the actual intended audience. Whereas the content of a PG-13 movie may be directed towards adolescents, it is not necessarily the case. Films geared towards adults often receive the rating. Also, the actual quality of the film has nothing to do with the PG-13 rating.

说明
PG-13不会影响到电影的目标受众。虽然其内容的针对群体是青少年,但却老少皆宜。那些拍给成年人看的电影通常也归属于该级别。当然,影片的实际质量跟级别无关。

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