【英语阅读】身体缺水会出现哪些症状

  作者:Kings   发布:2014-07-31 15:51   围观:   评论关闭  

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Symptoms of Not Drinking Enough Water

The human body is 60 to 70 percent water. When a person doesn't drink enough water, it can have negative effects on the body and the way it operates. Not drinking enough water affects your health. According to NaturoDoc.com, humans can survive without food for a whopping two months, but can only go without water for a few days before bodily functions are compromised. Among other things, water flushes out toxins in the body and keeps essential organs moist so they can function.

人体的60%-70%是由水分构成。当一个人摄取的水分不够时,身体机能和运作系统都会出现负面反应。缺水将会影响你的健康。据“自然档案”网站说明,人类在不进食的情况下可以存活整整两个月,但若不喝水的话受损的身体机能仅能维持数天时间。另外,水能够排出体内毒素,滋润主要器官,使其正常运作。

Symptoms of Dehydration

脱水症状

When a person stops drinking water or doesn't drink enough, they can become dehydrated. Symptoms of dehydration include dry and sticky mouth, sunken eyes, not producing enough tears, little to no urine output and lethargy, according to the National Institutes of Health. People who don't drink enough water may also develop low blood pressure and a rapid heart rate.

当一个人停止喝水或者水分不足时,就会脱水。根据美国国家卫生研究院,脱水的状况包括口干嘴黏,眼窝深陷,泪水量少,排尿量少及嗜睡。没有摄取充足水分的人可能会患低血压和心率过快症。

What Happens if You Don't Drink Enough Water?

如果你摄取的水分不够会怎样?

The body cannot survive without water. Water consumption helps the body breathe, because it moistens the lungs. Lung functions can use up to a pint of water every day, decreasing the body's moisture through exhalation. When that liquid isn't replaced, it makes it difficult to breathe. People who don't drink enough fluids can also gain excess body fat, have poor muscle tone and a decreased ability to digest food.

身体机能的运作离不开水分。身体的呼吸需要消耗水分,因为肺部需要水分滋润。肺功能通过蒸发减少体内水分,由此每天所消耗的水分达一品脱。当肺部液体得不到替换,就很难使其进行呼吸。没有摄取足够水分的人也会增加额外脂肪,肌肉张力变小,消化食物的能力也会衰减。

How Much Water Should People Drink per Day?

人体一天需要补充多少水分?

Most people live in a state of dehydration and don't even know it, according to NaturoDoc.com. However, if people follow the general recommendation to consume eight to ten glasses of water a day, they can stay properly hydrated. This water intake should be spread throughout the day so there isn't the constant urge to head to the bathroom.

根据“自然档案”,大多数人都处于脱水状况却毫不知晓。但是,如果人们能够采纳寻常的建议每天补充8-10杯水,他们就会保持水润状态。摄取水分的过程是在一天时间里间续进行,所以不会出现不断上厕所的情况。

Caffeinated and Alcoholic Beverages

咖啡和酒精饮料

While caffeinated and alcoholic beverages are liquid, they don't necessarily quench the thirst. This is because products such as soda, coffee and beer cause the body to become dehydrated. These beverages actually hasten the body's elimination of fluids. When this occurs, mild symptoms of dehydration are experienced, including heartburn, stomachache, lower back pain, headaches and depression.

虽然咖啡和酒精饮料都是液体,但它们却不能解决口渴问题。这是因为像苏打水、咖啡以及啤酒之类的饮料会使人体脱水。这些饮料实际上会加速水分的分解。此类情况一旦发生,就会出现轻微的脱水状况,如胃灼热、肚子痛、腰背痛、头痛和抑郁。

Eating a Healthy Diet

健康饮食Eating a healthy diet that contains at least five servings of fruit and vegetables a day is also important, since most of the body's daily fluid intake comes from what we eat. If you find that you're extremely thirsty, not eating a healthy diet, or feeling dehydrated, drink cold water rather than hot water. According to Southern Cross Health Insurance, the body absorbs cold water more quickly.

一个健康的饮食规律包括每天至少5种果蔬量,这也很重要,因为身体每天所摄取的水分就来自我们所吃的东西。如果你觉得你非常渴了,又没有进行健康的饮食,或者感到脱水,那就要喝冷水而非热水。因为根据南狮子医疗保险说,身体吸收冷水的速度快于热水。

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