作者:deam   发布:2017-07-20 19:05   围观:   评论关闭  

以下文章可以使用听力软件-随E听教师助手 进行有声朗读

Scientists have used an unconventional technique to increase the happiness of married couples: brain washing them with pictures of cute puppies.


The team developed a procedure that could be used as part of marriage counselling to improve people's feelings about their partners.


Keeping a marriage healthy and happy is a challenging task. Happiness is a really important metric and previous research has shown that if happiness level of males is higher than their partner it's more likely to end in divorce.


The team of psychologists wanted to find out whether it was possible to improve marital satisfaction by subtly brain washing the study participants. They designed an experiment to retrain the automatic responses of married people when they think about their partner.


"One ultimate source of our feelings about our relationships can be reduced to how we associate our partners with positive affect, and those associations can come from our partners but also from unrelated things, like puppies and bunnies," said James K McNulty, lead researcher from Florida State University.


The study included 144 married couples who were all under 40 and married for less than 5 years. At the start of the experiment, couples completed a series of tests to measure their relationship satisfaction.


This included measuring their immediate, automatic attitudes toward their partner. Like a scary word association game that could lead to divorce.


To improve the automatic reactions to their spouse subjects were asked to watch a short, happy montage of images once every three days for six weeks.


For those in the experimental group, they were shown pictures of their spouse alongside positive stimuli, such as a puppy that makes you happy, or the word "wonderful". In the control group, the participants saw their partner's face with pictures of neutral stimuli such as a shirt button.


Did the positive stimuli actually make them perceive their partner in a more positive light?


To test the effect that the montage was having on the couple, every 2 weeks for 8 weeks each spouse was shown a series of faces, including their partners and were asked to indicate the emotional tone of the image as quickly as possible.


Something amazing happened to the participants. The simple act of associating their partners with positive stimuli increased the marital satisfaction over the course of the study.


Of course, the research only measured one aspect of relationship happiness and the researchers were quick to point out that behaviour also plays a big part in determining happiness.


Although this simple intervention focused on automatic attitudes, the researchers say it could be useful as one aspect of marriage counselling.


"The research was actually prompted by a grant from the Department of Defence – I was asked to conceptualise and test a brief way to help married couples cope with the stress of separation and deployment," McNulty said. "We would really like to develop a procedure that could help soldiers."




本文固定链接: http://www.yingyusuieting.com/duo_kan_meng_gou_ke_yi_rang_hun_yin_geng_xing_fu.html | 随e听-教师助手英语博客 | +复制链接

文章转载请注明: 多看萌狗可以让婚姻更幸福 | 随e听-教师助手英语博客

您还可以继续浏览: 中英文对照免费听力软件听力录音软件英语听力软件英语录音软件随e听随e听教师助手